Association of balanced nutrition education with knowledge, attiude, and behavior of adolescents: a scoping review

Document Type : Review


1 Postgraduate School, Department of Nutrition, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia.

2 Agricultural Extension and Communication Study Programme, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia.

3 Public Health Study Programme, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia.


Background and objective: Fulfilment of balanced nutrition is one of main issues of the government of Indonesia. A lot of interventions have been developed by the government to overcome various problems related to malnutrition in children and adolescents. This study aimed to analyze effectiveness of balanced nutrition education in elevation of knowledge and changing behavior and action of adolescents between 10 and 19 years of age.
Results and conclusion: According to a national survey, Indonesia has a big challenge in fulfilment of community nutrition. Indonesian population suffers from malnutrition at early ages and also adulthood. Therefore, the government has decided to focus on educational programs for adolescents between 10 and 19 years of age specifically other than those developed for children in the first 1000 days of life. Based on the scoping review has been done in the current study, teaching adolescents a balanced nutrition has significant effect on their knowledge and further behavior and actions in their life. Considering the high demographic diversity of Indonesia, development and monitoring of educational programs at national level is necessary for survival of country in the future.


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