Document Type : Original
Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Background and objective: Euthanasia is one of the most controversial ethical issues. There is no available data about attitudes towards euthanasia among Iranian society. This research was conducted among medical, nursing, and law students to find out theoretical and practical connection of these fields with euthanasia.
Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional analytical study, attitudes of 243 senior students of medicine, nursing, and law were evaluated between January 2015 and February 2016 by using Euthanasia Attitude Scale (EAS) questionnaire classified in four factors of ethical consideration, practical consideration, treasuring life, and naturalistic beliefs.
Results and conclusion: Mean of attitude towards euthanasia was 44.1 ±16.2. Score of 49.3%, 50.6%, and 44.7 % of medical, nursing, and law students was above the mean, respectively. Except for marital status that had a significant association with naturalistic beliefs, there was no significant association between other demographic variables (field of study, age, and gender) and the attitudes towards euthanasia. The results of this study showed a negative attitude of the students towards most aspects of EAS and a relatively negative attitude towards Euthanasia.