Socioeconomic status and gastroesophageal reflux among adults in PERSIAN Guilan cohort study

Document Type : Original


Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Science, Rasht, Iran.


Background and objective: The development of health indexes in recent years drag more attention to everyday life style and the impacts of socioeconomic status (SES) on individual’s health state. In this regard, we aimed to investigate the socioeconomic status (SES) among the PERSIAN Guilan cohort population by considering the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in these participants.
Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted based on the PERSIAN cohort study from October 2014 to January 2017 on 10520 individuals. Data including age, gender, body mass index (BMI), educational level, habitat, and SES of patients were collected from all individuals and analyzed using SPSS.16 with a significant level <0.05.
Results and conclusion: The results illustrated that out of 10520 participants, 1385 patients had GERD that its distribution was 34.9%, 33.6%, and 31.6% in low, moderate, and high levels of SES, respectively. Due to results, age, gender, educational status, and habitat significantly associated with GERD according to three levels of SES (P<0.05). GERD was more frequent in patients with low, moderate, and high levels of SES, respectively. Age, gender, educational status, and habitat, represented a significant association with different levels of SES among patients with GERD (P<0.05). This large population-based study indicated the increased risk of GERD in the low SES group compare to middle and high-SES groups, which highlighted the role of SES in the health status of individuals.


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