Fabrication of a novel bio-adsorbent based on the yellow membrane of chicken feet for cationic dye of methylene blue removal: adsorption, equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies

Document Type : Original


1 Analytical Chemistry Research Lab, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran.


Background and objective: Dye molecules as an important type of organic pollutants are potentially toxic and have carcinogenic and mutagenic impact on living systems. Today, uncontrolled discharge of organic pollutants is environmental problem. Dissolution of synthetic dyes in aqueous media causes decreased light penetration into water and interferes photosynthesis reactions. In the current work, we fabricated a novel and biodegradable adsorbent by chicken feet yellow membrane(CFYM) for removal of cationic dye.
Materials and methods: Untreated CFYM was collected from slaughterhouse and prepared for analysis after washing by deionized water, drying at 90°C for 12-24 h and grinding to fine powders. The adsorbent was instrumentally characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy, and Emmett and Teller techniques. Functional groups of C=O, O–H, N–H, C–N, C–C and H–C–H showed that the pre-treated CFYM mainly contained organic compounds. Removability and efficiency of bio-adsorbent were studied using cationic methylene blue (MB) as s model. For optimization, main variables of pH, adsorbent mass, contact time and temperature were studied by one-factor-at-a-time method through adsorption experiments in a batch system. The equilibrium adsorption experiments were evaluated by Langmuir, Freundlich, Tempkin and Dubinin-Raduskovich isotherm models. The adsorption kinetic models of pseudo-first order, second first order, Elovich and intra-particle diffusion were also studied.
Results and conclusion: Results were in accordance to Langmuir isotherm model. Obtained kinetic and thermodynamic parameters confirmed that pseudo-first order model was the best kinetic model and adsorption process of MB on CFYM was exothermic and spontaneous. Based on the results, CFYM, as a novel natural adsorbent, was efficient for removal of cationic organic pollutant from aqueous solutions.


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