Document Type : Original
Iran Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran.
Background and objective: Dietary fibers are of prebiotic compounds which can increase viability of probiotic microorganisms in food products during storage and have healthful effects on the consumers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different concentrations of inulin and sugar beet fiber on physicochemical and organoleptic properties of red grape juice and their stimulatory impact on viability of Bifidobacterium bifidum in the beverage.
Materials and methods: Amounts of 0.7, 1.4, and 2.1% w/v sugar beet fiber and 1, 2 and 3% w/v inulin were added to red grape juice inoculated with 108 CFU/ml Bifidobacterium bifidum. Viability of Bifidobacterium bifidum by enumeration on MRS agar, colorimetric evaluation, and study of sensory attributes by 5-points hedonic test were done on days 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25. Moreover, pH and brix were determined during the storage time.
Results and conclusion: By increasing the concentration of inulin and sugar beet fiber, brix and pH of red grape juice increased and decreased, respectively. After 25 days of storage, the highest survival (7.05 log CFU/ml) was observed in the treatment containing 3% w/v inulin and 2.1% w/v sugar beet fiber and the least survival (5.03 log CFU/ml) was observed in control. Number of probiotic in all the treatments containing dietary fiber was higher than 106 CFU/ml after 25 days of storage, but lower than 106 CFU/ml was enumerated in control. The highest brightness and the least redness and yellowness was observed in control. By increasing the concentration of inulin above 1% w/v and sugar beet fiber above 1.4% w/v, palatability of grape juice samples decreased significantly. Therefore, red grape juice fortified with 1.4% w/v sugar beet fiber and 1% w/v inulin is a desirable beverage which can support survival of probiotic bacteria within the recommended range.